Q. What is the FIBA rule regarding hand-checking on a player facing the basket (perimeter player)? What is the FIBA rules regarding hand-checking on a player with their back to the basket (post player)?
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Hand checking on a player facing the basket:
1. Touching or tagging by a defender is not necessary a foul.
2. An official must determine if a player is gaining an advantage with such contact.
3. When a player in any way restricts or controls the player being guarded, then a foul should be called.
4. Anytime a defender places both hands on their opponent ... it’s a foul.
Checking a player with heir back to the basket (post):
1. With or without the ball is of no consequence.
2. One point of contact is permitted, hand, arm or arm bar, shoulder, leg or knee is legal.
3. If the contact causes any dislodging of a player, it’s a foul.
4. The dislodging by a post player on an defender also applies.
1. Tagging is not illegal.
2. If an player’s contact on their opponent forces the player being checked to change direction or takes the player off their path, either sideline to sideline or towards the basket, it a foul.
3. The responsibility is on both the offensive and defensive player, if the contact dislodges the player from their position or attempting to get to a position, it’s a foul.
We attempt to train officials to be aware of the above but it difficult for an official to judge this contact when the official is not covering the action in his coverage area by constantly watching the action near the ball. Off ball coverage is the most difficult action for younger or one dimensional officials to adapt to.